Article from Ministry of Justice

Questions and answers about the entry ban from EEA states and certain other states

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The Government has adopted a separate ban on entry into Sweden from EEA states and certain other states. A requirement to present a negative test result for ongoing COVID-19 infection upon entry from these states applies – with certain exemptions.

The existing decision substantially restricting the possibilities to travel to Sweden from Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom still applies. It has also been tightened with the addition of a negative COVID-19 test requirement for groups that are exempt from the entry ban. The entry bans apply until 31 March 2021 or until further notice. The reason behind the adoption of an entry ban from these countries is to prevent a new variant of the virus that causes COVID-19 entering the country or being spread to other countries.

Basic information

This is a temporary ban on foreign citizens who cannot present a negative COVID-19 test result upon arrival in Sweden entering the country from an EEA state other than Denmark or Norway, or from Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, Switzerland or the Vatican City. It applies as of 6 February 2021.

The entry ban does not apply to Swedish citizens. There are also exemptions from the entry ban and test requirement for various categories of travellers.

See below under ‘Exemptions’ for more information on which exemptions apply.

It is a temporary ban on entry into Sweden from Denmark, Norway and the United Kingdom. The entry ban does not apply to Swedish citizens. There are also exemptions from the entry ban for several categories of travellers.

See below under ‘Exemptions’ for more information on which exemptions apply.

The entry ban applies until 31 March 2021 or until further notice.

It is too early to say what will happen after 31 March. The Government is continuously analysing the situation and will carefully consider different ways to proceed, and make the necessary decisions to prevent further spread of the COVID-19 virus in the best possible way so that more people in our society do not fall ill.

No, the entry ban only applies to foreign citizens. Swedish citizens can therefore enter the country despite the entry ban.

Nonetheless, Swedes who have been abroad should follow the Public Health Agency of Sweden’s recommendations on testing and quarantine, which are intended to curb the spread of the virus.

The Government refers to the Public Health Agency of Sweden for guidelines for incoming travellers. The Public Health Agency of Sweden also provides information at airports and harbours.
Recommendations for those travelling to Sweden from abroad (The Public Health Agency of Sweden)

Exemptions

Travellers from these countries may enter Sweden if they can present a certificate showing a negative result for ongoing COVID-19 infection from a test conducted within 48 hours* or if they are exempt from the test requirement.

The following categories are exempt from the test requirement:

  • Swedish citizens
  • People under the age of 18
  • People who live in Sweden
  • People with imperative family reasons
  • People who carry out, are involved in or are being transported by medical transport services
  • People who are to undergo surgery or other types of care that cannot be delayed
  • Personnel within the scope of international police, customs or emergency services cooperation
  • People in the transport sector
  • Seafarers
  • People who need to cross the border to engage in reindeer husbandry
  • People in need of international protection or who have other humanitarian grounds.

It is the responsibility of the enforcing authorities (primarily the Swedish Police Authority) to determine in each individual case how the exemptions are to be interpreted and which decisions are to be made. The Government refers to the Swedish Police Authority for information about the practical application of these rules.

* People who repeatedly cross the border to work in Sweden or another state (commuters) may use the results of a test conducted within a week prior to arrival in Sweden.

1) To be allowed to enter Sweden from these countries, a person must belong to one of the following categories of people (those who do not cannot enter, even if they can present a negative COVID-19 test result):

  • Swedish citizens
  • People who live in Sweden
  • People who work in Sweden
  • People travelling between Bornholm and another part of Denmark via Sweden
  • People with imperative family reasons
  • People who carry out, are involved in or are being transported by medical transport services
  • People who are to undergo surgery or other types of care that cannot be delayed
  • People in the transport sector
  • Diplomats and Consular Officers who are employed in Sweden by foreign states and their families and employees
  • People who work in international organisations or are invited by such organisations and whose presence is necessary for the organisations’ activities
  • Children travelling to be with a parent who lives in Sweden, and the person accompanying the child on such trips
  • Parents travelling to be with their children who live in Sweden
  • People in need of international protection or who have other humanitarian grounds
  • Military personnel and other personnel within the scope of international defence cooperation
  • People who need to cross the border to engage in reindeer husbandry
  • Air travellers in transit
  • Seafarers
  • Personnel within the scope of international police, customs or emergency services cooperation
  • People who are to take part in or perform necessary tasks at elite sports competitions.

2) If a person belongs to one of these categories, they must also be able to present a certificate showing a negative result for ongoing COVID-19 infection from a test conducted within 48 hours*

However, the following categories are exempt from the test requirement:

  • Swedish citizens
  • People under the age of 18
  • People who live in Sweden
  • People with imperative family reasons
  • People who carry out, are involved in or are being transported by medical transport services
  • People who are to undergo surgery or other types of care that cannot be delayed
  • Personnel within the scope of international police, customs or emergency services cooperation
  • People in the transport sector
  • Seafarers
  • People who need to cross the border to engage in reindeer husbandry
  • People in need of international protection or who have other humanitarian grounds
  • Officials at Danish authorities or other Danish public bodies travelling on business between Bornholm and another part of Denmark via Sweden

It is the responsibility of the enforcing authorities (primarily the Swedish Police Authority) to determine in each individual case how the exemptions are to be interpreted and which decisions are to be made. The Government refers to the Swedish Police Authority for information about the practical application of these rules.

* People who repeatedly cross the border to work in Sweden or another state (commuters) may use the results of a test conducted within a week prior to arrival in Sweden.

The requirement of a negative COVID-19 test

It means that a foreign citizen travelling from certain countries and/or who belongs to a category exempted from the entry ban (see above) must, upon entry into Sweden, be able to present a certificate showing a negative result for ongoing COVID-19 infection from a test conducted within 48 hours* prior to arrival. This test requirement applies – with certain exemptions – as of 6 February 2021.

See above under ‘Exemptions’ for more information on which exemptions apply.

The Government refers to the Public Health Agency of Sweden for information about the standards that certificates showing a negative test result for ongoing COVID-19 must meet.

Negative COVID-19 test required for entry into Sweden (The Public Health Agency of Sweden)

* People who repeatedly cross the border to work in Sweden or another state (commuters) may use the results of a test conducted within a week prior to arrival in Sweden.

Swedish citizens always have the right to enter Sweden. However, Swedes who have been abroad should follow the Public Health Agency of Sweden’s recommendations on testing and quarantine, which are intended to curb the spread of the virus.

All other nationalities must be able to present a certificate showing a negative result for ongoing COVID-19 infection from a test conducted within 48 hours prior to arrival, with some exemptions.

See above under ‘Exemptions’ for more information on which exemptions apply.

People who are exempt from the requirement to present a test result upon entry should nonetheless follow the Public Health Agency of Sweden’s recommendations on testing and quarantine, which are intended to curb the spread of the virus.

The Government refers to the Public Health Agency of Sweden for guidelines for incoming travellers. According to the Agency, information is also provided at airports and harbours. 
Recommendations for those travelling to Sweden from abroad (The Public Health Agency of Sweden)

No, the requirement to present a certificate showing a negative test result for ongoing COVID-19 infection does not apply to children under the age of 18.

It is crucial that transports of essential goods, such as food or medicines, are not impeded. The European Commission has also recommended that Member States make exceptions for people transporting goods.

The requirement concerns negative test results for ongoing COVID-19 infection. The test must have been performed a maximum of 48 hours prior to arrival. Positive results from antibody tests will not be accepted.

There is a special rule for commuters, for whom a test conducted no more than one week prior to entry is sufficient.

The Government has authorised the Public Health Agency of Sweden – after the Swedish Police Authority has had the opportunity to comment – to issue regulations specifying the criteria that must be met for a certificate showing a negative test result for ongoing COVID-19 infection to be accepted. The Public Health Agency of Sweden has the relevant expertise in this area.

The Government refers to the Public Health Agency of Sweden for information concerning the criteria for negative test results.

Negative COVID-19 test required for entry into Sweden (The Public Health Agency of Sweden)

The controls are handled by the Swedish Police Authority and other enforcing authorities. The Government refers to those authorities for information concerning the practicalities of these controls at various border crossing points.

The Government refers to the Public Health Agency of Sweden for guidelines for incoming travellers. The Public Health Agency of Sweden also provides information at airports and harbours.

Swedish citizens always have the right to enter Sweden. However, it is important that Swedish citizens and others who are exempt from the test requirement upon entry follow the Public Health Agency of Sweden’s recommendations on testing and quarantine, which are intended to curb the spread of the virus. 
Recommendations for those travelling to Sweden from abroad (The Public Health Agency of Sweden)

There is no special exemption from either the entry ban or the test requirement for people who can show that they have been vaccinated against COVID-19.

Questions and answers about the entry ban

Swedish citizens who live abroad always have the right to enter Sweden. However, Swedes who have been abroad should follow the Public Health Agency of Sweden’s recommendations on testing and quarantine, which are intended to curb the spread of the virus. Separate recommendations apply to commuters. 
Recommendations for those travelling to Sweden from abroad (The Public Health Agency of Sweden)

Commuters of other nationalities must be able to present a certificate showing a negative test result for ongoing COVID-19 infection upon entry into Sweden. To facilitate commuting, however, commuters can present a test conducted within one week prior to entry into Sweden, rather than 48 hours as applies in other cases.

The Government hopes that it is a temporary measure. Right now it is absolutely necessary to prevent further spread of the virus and loss of human lives.

The Government has taken account of the recommendations from the European Council and the European Commission concerning restrictions within the Schengen area when designing these rules.

No, the entry ban still applies. There is no exemption for Danes or Norwegians who own homes in Sweden. This applies regardless of whether the traveller can present a negative COVID-19 test result.

There is no special exemption for people who only want to pass through Sweden. This applies regardless of whether the traveller can present a negative COVID-19 test result.

No, the entry ban still applies. There is no special exemption for that situation. This applies regardless of whether the traveller can present a negative COVID-19 test result.

No, the entry ban still applies. There is no special exemption for people with family ties to Swedish citizens.

There is however an exemption for children travelling to be with a parent who lives in Sweden, and the person accompanying the child on such trips, as well as parents travelling to be with their children who live in Sweden. People with imperative family reasons are also exempt. All travel between Bornholm and other parts of Denmark via Sweden is also permitted. This applies regardless of whether the traveller can present a negative COVID-19 test result.

People travelling from Norway, Denmark and the United Kingdom to work in Sweden who can present a certificate showing a negative result for ongoing COVID-19 infection from a test conducted within 48 hours are exempt from the entry ban. The exemption is formulated broadly and can also be applied to journalists.

It is the responsibility of the enforcing authorities (primarily the Swedish Police Authority) to determine in each individual case how the exemptions are to be interpreted and which decisions are to be made. The Government refers to the Swedish Police Authority for information about the practical application of these rules.

The Government is well aware that an entry ban has negative consequences in many ways, particularly in areas close to the borders with Denmark, Norway and Finland. It is therefore not a decision that has been taken lightly. But in this pandemic, strong measures have been required and tough decisions have had to be taken.

And when it comes to being able to stop further spread of infection, the Government has said from the outset that it will take the measures necessary to prevent and reduce the spread of infection. This entry ban is one such necessary measure. However, the rules have been designed to ensure that they do not have an excessive impact. There are separate rules for commuters and certain exemptions to reduce the risk of families being separated and to make allowances for residents of Bornholm, for example.

See above under ‘Exemptions’ for more information on which exemptions apply.

How long will the entry ban apply?

The entry ban applies until 31 March 2021 or until further notice.

European Economic Area (EEA)

In addition to Sweden, the following states are EEA states:
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain

Questions and answers about the entry ban to Sweden