Crime prevention measures and early action

Published

Reducing crime and increasing safety and security requires measures that not only target crime but also the root causes of crime. The Government is therefore strengthening crime prevention efforts at national, regional and local level.

Photo: TT

Combating crime together – a national crime prevention programme

'Combating crime together' (Govt Communication 2016/17:126) is a national crime prevention programme. It was developed to create better conditions for structured and long-term crime prevention efforts throughout the country at local, regional and national level.

Combating crime together – a national crime prevention programme

Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention: crime prevention efforts at national level

In 2015, the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) was given greater responsibility for national support and coordination. Since then, Brå has established a national network of relevant authorities and developed a crime prevention training programme.

Brå presents an annual report to the Government on progress made in crime prevention efforts.

Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention

Swedish Center for Preventing Violent Extremism

In 2018, the Government set up the Swedish Center for Preventing Violent Extremism (CVE) under the auspices of Brå. The CVE is tasked with preventing violent extremism through such means as supporting and coordinating efforts at national, regional and local level, and gathering and spreading knowledge.

Swedish Center for Preventing Violent Extremism

County administrative boards: crime prevention efforts at regional level

County administrative boards have been responsible for support and coordination of crime prevention efforts at regional level since 1 January 2017. This responsibility includes developing cooperation and experience exchanges, and supporting skills development and inter-municipal crime prevention measures.

Each year, county administrative boards submit a comprehensive report to Brå on the work conducted locally and regionally in each county.

Coordinated measures for children and young people at risk

The National Agency for Education and the National Board of Health and Welfare have been tasked with targeting special initiatives to children and young people in socially disadvantaged areas who are at risk turning to crime or being subjected to honour-related violence and oppression. 

Non-institutional measures without consent

In 2018, the National Board of Health and Welfare was instructed to report on the state of knowledge concerning non-institutional measures without consent regarding young people and custodial parents, based in part on experiences in Denmark and Norway, and to assess whether a legislative amendment in the area is necessary.

In light of matters such as the Government’s 34-point programme to combat gang crime (point 29), the remit was supplemented in November 2019. The National Board of Health and Welfare will also present concrete proposals (including legislative proposals) on how to increase opportunities to provide non-institutional measures without consent to children and young people. Non-institutional measures without consent (including preventive action) can bridge the gap that may arise between measures to which custodial parents and young people consent and taking young people into care under the Care of Young Persons (Special Provisions) Act. Examples of non-institutional measures that can be provided without consent from the young person include appointing a specially trained liaison officer or requiring the young person to participate in non-institutional treatment. The opportunities for providing non-institutional measures without consent are currently limited. Accordingly, it is a matter of being able to provide such measures in more cases and more situations. The remit also includes reviewing the provisions in the Care of Young Persons (Special Provisions) Act on preventive action. The final report will be delivered by 31 May 2021.

Budget initiative for the National Board of Institutional Care (SiS)

To ensure that the National Board of Institutional Care (SiS) is able to complete the work of expanding the capacity, quality and security of its activities, the Government will provide it with additional funding amounting to SEK 100 million annually from 2022. In addition, the Government considers that the appropriation for 2021 should be increased by SEK 110 million. 

Reforms to increase welfare in the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs’ areas of responsibility – the Budget Bill for 2021 

Skills and quality improvement in social care for children and young people

In 2020–2022, the National Board of Health and Welfare has been tasked with supporting responsible authorities and professionals in social care for children and young people through initiatives to promote skills and stability, and improve quality in the area. In addition, the National Board of Health and Welfare is to take measures to strengthen cooperation between social services, the police and other relevant actors in crime prevention efforts. Through outreach activities, the National Board of Health and Welfare is to spread current knowledge and methods, working methods and examples of good practice to municipalities and other actors involved. The assignment is to be conducted in cooperation with relevant actors. To carry out this assignment, the National Board of Health and Welfare may use SEK 13 million in 2020.