Central government budget in figures

The Government submits its budget proposals in government bills to the Riksdag. This page is updated with current figures in connection with the presentation of the Budget Bill and the Spring Fiscal Policy Bill.

Source

The following is a compilation of the Government’s calculations and proposals for the central government budget for the years 2021–2025 as presented in 2023 Budget Bill. The amounts may not sum to totals because of rounding.

Budget balance and Central government debt

The central government budget balance shows the central government surplus/borrowing requirement and thus its impact on the central government debt.

Central government balance 2021–2025 (SEK billion)
  2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
Revenue ¹ 1191 1285 1279 1320 1391
Expenditure excl. interest on the Central government debt ² 1216 1231 1234 1277 1281
Interest on the Central government debt etc. ³ -1 23 13 10 9
Net lending by National Debt Office ⁴ -97 -119 -52 7 9
Cash adjustment -4 0 0 0 0
Central government balance 78 151 84 26 92
¹ Sum of income types 1000–8000
² Refers to expenditure branches 1–25 and 27.
³ Includes expenses within expenditure branch 26, Central government interest expenses
⁴ Replacing the National Debt Office’s currency loans on behalf of the Riksbank is expected to reduce the yearly net lending by about 60 billion SEK between 2021–2023.
Sources: The Swedish National Financial Management Authority, The National Debt Office and own calculations.

Government revenue

Central government revenue mainly consists of taxes on labour, capital and consumption. Central government revenue also comes from various fees, fines, loan repayments (e.g. student loans) and grants from the European Union, etc.

Revenue in the central government budget 2021–2025 (SEK billion)
2021 2022 2023 2024 2025
Central government tax revenue 1235 1300 1313 1369 1449
Revenue from central government activities 43 72 43 36 39
Revenue from sale of property 0 5 5 5 5
Loan repayments 1 1 1 1 1
Calculated revenue 18 18 19 23 25
EU grants 15 16 32 25 16
Offsets associated with the tax system -121 -127 -133 -139 -143
Subsidies through credits on tax accounts 0 0 0 0 0
Revenue in the central government budget 1191 1285 1279 1320 1391
Note: All years are presented according to the structure for the central government budget for 2023 and onwards.
Sources: Swedish Tax Agency, Swedish National Financial Management Authority and own calculations.

Central government expenditure

Central government expenditure is grouped into 27 different expenditure areas (EA). Each expenditure area shows how much money different state-controlled activities receive.

Expenditure in the central government budget 2021-2025 (SEK billion)
Expenditure area 2021 (Outcome¹) 2022 (Forecast) 2023 (Calculation) 2024 (Calculation) 2025 (Calculation)
1 Governance 16 18 18 18 18
2 Economy and financial administration 17 17 19 21 21
3 Taxes, customs and enforcement 13 13 13 13 13
4 Justice 57 62 68 72 77
5 International cooperation 2 3 2 2 2
6 Defence and contingency measures 71 81 94 114 123
7 International development cooperation 47 47 47 50 50
8 Migration 8 14 16 14 10
9 Health care, medical care and social services 138 123 110 104 101
10 Financial security for those with illnesses and disabilities 113 114 106 113 114
11 Financial security for the elderly 38 46 55 61 62
12 Financial security for families and children 101 102 105 108 111
13 Gender equality and introduction of newly arrived immigrants 6 6 6 5 5
14 Labour market and working life 92 81 90 91 91
15 Financial support for students 27 26 28 31 35
16 Education and academic research 91 92 95 97 97
17 Culture, the media, religious communities and leisure activities 23 20 17 17 17
18 Planning, housing provision, construction and consumer policy 5 7 6 6 3
19 Regional development 3 4 5 4 4
20 General environmental protection and nature conservation 17 22 20 15 10
21 Energy 3 13 5 5 5
22 Transport and communications 72 77 79 83 90
23 Land- and water-based industries, rural areas and food 20 23 19 23 21
24 Industry and trade 30 14 11 8 7
25 General grants to local government 153 157 158 162 158
26 Interest on the Central government debt etc. -1 23 13 10 9
27 Contribution to the European Union 52 47 46 46 47
All expenditure areas 1215 1253 1252 1293 1300
Reduction of appropriation balances -4 -6 -10
Total expenditure 1215 1253 1247 1287 1290
Net lending by National Debt Office -97 -119 -52 7 9
Cash adjustment -4 0 0 0 0
Total 1113 1134 1195 1294 1300
¹Appropriations have been assigned to the expenditure areas to which they belong in the central government budget for 2023.
Source: Own calculations.